Ormsby & Mackan, Chartered Accountants-1997 Personal Tax Rates</HEAD>


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1997 Combined Federal & Provincial Personal Income Tax Rates

Below you will find an analysis of the combined Federal(l) and Provincial(m) personal income tax rates by province, as well as their ranking from highest to lowest. These rates reflect the top marginal rate in each province and represent the rate of tax on the next dollar of income, in the highest tax bracket. The threshold level of taxable income where these rates apply will vary from province to province and are not presented here. In 1997 we see a big change in the overall rankings among provinces, with Ontario dropping to fifth place overall due to the application of the second round of tax cuts by the Mike Harris government.

Rates Effective For The 1997 Taxation Year
Provinces Rate Ranking Ranking-1996
British Columbia(a) 54.17% 1 1
Newfoundland(b) 53.33% 2 2
Quebec(c) 52.94% 3 4
Saskatchewan(e) 51.94% 4 5
Ontario(d) 51.78% 5 3
New Brunswick(f) 51.05% 6 6
Manitoba(g) 50.40% 7 7
Prince Edward Island(i) 50.30% 8 9
Nova Scotia(h) 49.98% 9 8
Alberta(j) 46.07% 10 10
Yukon Territory(k) 46.55% 11 11
Northwest Territories 44.37% 12 12


(a) The 1996 B.C. budget announced a reduction in the B.C. rate to to 50.5% effective July 1, 1997. The effective rate for 1997 therefore is 51% of basic federal tax. The reduction will not apply to taxpayers with taxable incomes greater than $80,000. As a result, B.C.'s high surtax rate is increased to 24.5% and the threshold is lowered to $8,745 for 1997. A surtax of 30% applies to B.C. tax in excess of $5,300.

(b) A surtax of 10% applies to basic Newfoundland tax in excess of of $7,900.

(c) Quebec collect its own taxes. Its highest marginal rate is 24.0% on income over $50,000. Two surtaxes, each at 5% are applied and a reduction of Federal tax of 16.5% is also applicable.

(d) As anounced in the 1996 Ontario budget, Ontario's basic tax rate fell from 56% in 1996 to 49% for 1997. The rate is scheduled to fall further in 1998.

For 1997, a Levy of 20% continues to apply to basic Ontario tax, but the threshold has been lowered to $4,650. There is an additional levy of 24% for 1997 which applies to Ontario tax in excess of $6,360. These rates are scheduled to increase further in 1998.

(e) Saskatchewan imposes a flat tax of 2% of net income and a surtax of 15% on Saskatchewan tax (including flat tax) in excess of $4,000. An additional "Deficit Surtax" of 10% is applicable to basic Saskatchewan tax plus the flat tax.

(f) A surtax of 8% applies to New Brunswick tax in excess of $13,500.

(g) Manitoba imposes a flat tax of 2% of net income and a surtax equal to 2% of net income in excess of $30,000.

(h) A surtax of 10% applies to basic Nova Scotia tax in excess of $10,000.

(i) A surtax of 10% applies to basic P.E.I. tax in excess of $12,500.

(j) A surtax of 8% of basic Alberta tax in excess of $3,500 and a flat tax of 0.5% of Alberta taxable income are levied.

(k) A surtax of 5% applies to Yukon Territory tax in excess of $6,000.

(l) In all the above, the federal rates include, in addition to the basic rate of 29%, both the 3% and 5% personal surtaxes.

(m) In all the above, the Provincial rates include flat taxes, surtaxes, in the case of Quebec, a Federal tax rebate, and in the case of Ontario, the Fair Share Health Care Levy.

This above provided for information purposes only. Tax rates are current as indicated. Your particular situation may vary with your specific circumstances.

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